Periodontal disease can be diagnosed by Dr. Espili during a periodontal examination. This type of exam is always part of your routine dental check-up.
During the periodontal exam, asmall dental instrument is used to gently measure the size of thepockets between the tooth and the gums. The depth of a normal, healthy pocket typically measures three millimeters or less and is not prone to bleeding. As periodontal disease advances, the pockets usually become deeper and inflamed.
Dr. Espiliwill use this measure of pocket depths,in addition to theamount of bleeding, inflammation, tooth mobility, etc., to make a diagnosis that will fall into one of the categories below:
They type of periodontal treatment Dr. Espili uses will depend on the type and severity of the disease. Dr. Espili and the dental hygienist will evaluate the periodontal disease to recommend the best treatment.
The deep cleaning procedure involves numbing the gums and thoroughly cleaning the area by removing tartar, plaque, and other contaminants from above and below the gum line (scaling). Afterward, the remaining rough areas on the tooth root surfaces are smoothed out (planing). Through scaling and root planing, the affected gum tissues are better able to heal while the pockets shrink in size. Dr. Espili may prescribe medications and special mouth rinses to help with the healing process as well as control the infection.
If the pockets do not heal after cleanings and scaling and root planing, periodontal surgery may be needed to reduce pocket depths, making teeth easier to clean. Dr. Espili may also recommend that you see a Periodontist (specialist of the gums and supporting bone).
If you begin to notice any signs of periodontal disease, please book an appointment with our office so that Dr. Espili can provide you with immediate treatment.